The complex was part of the group of buildings used as Bourbon royal residences in Campania and since 1927 houses the National Museum of Ceramics Duke of Martina.
In June 1815 Ferdinand IV of Bourbon purchased for his wife Lucia Migliaccio, Duchess of Floridia a large plot of land on the hill of Vomero, where there was an imposing villa which, in honor of his wife, called Floridiana. The complex included two villas, Villa Lucia and Villa Florìdia, an open-air theater called “della Verzura”, a circular temple of the Ionic order, fake ruins and greenhouses, all strictly in neoclassical style.
Villa Floridiana is famous today, and especially frequented by the Neapolitans for its park. A spectacular alternation of winding paths and shady groves, beautiful camellias, with large areas occupied by meadows and open to the gulf, in a fascinating synthesis of geometric elements typical of the Italian garden and perspective solutions of the English garden.